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5 Simple Rules to use Gerunds in English Grammar

  

What is a gerund?

Gerund is a form of verb which is always used as a noun form.

Another definition for a Gerund

In other words, you can say that a Gerund is a part of verb which is used as a noun to show the performance of actions.

Look at some examples below.

        1.    I love swimming a lot.

        2.    Rakesh likes writing.

        3.    Bill Gates has reading habit.

        4.    Smoking is harmful to health.

        5.    He goes for driving on Sundays.

Positions of Gerund

There are two positions of a gerund in the English language. You need to know both of these positions first to have its usages at your fingers tips.

      1.    As a Subject:- A gerund can be used as a subject as a noun or a pronoun at the beginning as an engine and lead rest of the words.

        2.    As an Object:-  A gerund can also be used as an object in the sentences the after the verbs.

Necessary Rules for Gerund

You can’t use a gerund in the sentence without learning it. There are some rules that you must go through at least once to use it grammatically accurate. I have mentioned some gerund rules and explained them for your easy understandings.

There are going to be 5 rules about the Gerund with detailed examples to let you know the ins and outs of it. These rules will be a panacea for you in terms of Gerund.

Let’s start it now with the amazing 5 rules about gerund.


Rule No. 1 Preposition + Gerund

Sometimes Gerund is used just after an action verb which is always followed by an appropriate preposition apart from ‘To’ hence prefer a gerund instead of an infinitive.


Disqualify from

Justified in

Bent on

Refrain from

Hesitate in

Keen on

Prevent from

Harm in

Insist on

Debar from

Assist in

Intent on

Desist from

Sense in

Desirous of

Restrain from

Interested in

Confident of

Prohibit from

Successful in

A chance of

Dissuade from

Succeed in

Fond of

Abstain from

Persist in

Blame for

Deter from

Confidence in

Believe in

Absolve from

Point in

Approve of

Feel pleasure in

Take pleasure in

A hope of


Now let’s see the gerund examples for the above verbs wherein the first verb is followed by a fixed preposition and takes a gerund just after it.

        1.    My parents prohibited me from going out at late night.

        2.    The boss is always bent on giving multiple projects every day.

        3.    The Prime Minister Narendra Modi insists on making India a developed country.

        4.    A sadist always takes pleasure in giving pain to others.

        5.    They are interested in grabbing a new career opportunity anywhere.

        6.    He has a hope of visiting the United States once in his life.

        7.    There is no chance of receiving a return call from an H.R.

        8.    Albert Einstein didn’t find any point in learning dates of primitive actions.


Rule no. 2 Direct Gerund

Direct Gerund is used after the main verbs without anything else. There are some verbs which always take a Gerund instead of an object.

Avoid, mind, detest, can’t help, can’t bear, resist, enjoy, resent, stop, start, postpone, defer, prefer, consider, practice, finish, risk, pardon, excuse, forgive, it is no use / good, propose, miss, imagine, regret, anticipate love, like, hate, dislike, like, continue etc.

Examples

        1.    They love talking with each other even at late night.

        2.    I can’t help reading books.

        3.    My friend enjoys watching movies on holidays.

        4.    She promised me to continue talking with me, come what may.

        5.    He likes listening to music at morning.

        6.    My teacher never minds asking him my doubts.

        7.    We avoid disturbing others unnecessarily.

        8.    The students prefer learning English via English blogs to going to school.

 

Rule no. 3 Phrasal verbs + Gerund

There are phrasal verbs in the English language.

If you don’t know what a phrasal verb is. Here you are!

A phrasal verb is a combination of two or more than two words wherein one is an action verb and rest of them are either adverbs or prepositions.

Give up, put off, set about, look forward to, go along with, feel up to, end up, go around, adapt to, etc.

Examples

        1.    He gave up smoking and drinking after a heart attack.

        2.    She feels up to keeping pace with me in the work.

        3.    Neha is adapted to working till late night.

        4.    We will never end up talking with each other.

        5.    She went around looking for me.

 

Rule no. 4 Possessive Case + Gerund

This rules has a unique significance in the English grammar. If you want to use a gerund with a noun or pronoun, always use its possessive adjective and possessive case of noun only then it will be an accurate use of it.

Possessive case of adjective : my, our, your, their, her, his, its etc.

Possessive case of noun: it needs the help of apostrophe (’S)

Examples Rahul’s, Einstein’s, Modi’s, teacher’s etc.

Examples

        1.    We appreciate our children’s performing well in the class.

        2.    I always like her calling me.

        3.    Mr. Jackson prohibited my entering the class late.

        4.    She likes my talking to her.

        5.    Her father never minds her friend’s coming to their home.

        6.    They postponed his going to America for a personal reason.


Rule no. 5 To + Gerund

This can be a bit surprising for you after going through the previous part about Participle and usages. There were rules about infinitive (To + V1 infinitive), but here is a different rule to use a gerund just after ‘To’.

There are some exceptions in the English language. These are some limited rules phrases which end with ‘To’ preposition and prefer a Gerund just after them.

Owing to, taken to, disposed to, prone to, look forward to, in addition to, averse to, with a view to, devoted to, object to, be used to, accustomed to, etc.

Examples

1.    We are used to fighting a lot. ( shows a habit or an addiction)

2.    They are taken to making the same mistake over and over again.

         3.    They look forward to discussing about the company in the meeting.

4.    Indian soldiers are devoted to serving for the nation willingly.

5.    He joined English class in addition to learning English grammar step to step.


I hope that these 5 simple rules helped you learn the uses of gerund in English grammar easily. In case you still have any doubt on how you can use them, kindly let us know with the help of a comment below. I assure you of replying to your comments at the earliest.

Thanks for reading these useful rules.

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